Spinal fracture can be primary due to injury or secondary (pathological- in an already weak bone). Vertebral fixation (also known as "spinal fixation") is surgical procedure in which two or more vertebrae are anchored to each other through a synthetic "vertebral fixation device", with the aim of reducing vertebral mobility and thus avoiding possible damage to the spinal cord and/or spinal roots.
Know about Lumbar Decompression Fusion & Fixation Surgery
What are the Indications?
A vertebral fracture fixation procedure may be indicated in cases of:
1) vertebral fracture leading to neurological injury.
2) Vertebral fracture with impending neurological injury.
Types of Fixations:
The implants used to achieve vertebral fixation are usually a permanent rigid or semi-rigid prosthesis made of titanium like rods, plates, screws, and various combinations thereof. The surgery may be open or minimally invasive (like minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion or percutaneous fracture stabilization).
The types of fracture fixation may include:
Anterior cervical plating with or without corpectomy.
Anterior cervical cage insertion and plating.
Posterior cervical lateral mass screw fixation and stabilization.
Anterior or posterior stabilization with neurological decompression.